Cristin-resultat-ID: 926634
Sist endret: 13. oktober 2016 13:09
NVI-rapporteringsår: 2012
Vitenskapelig artikkel

Cusanus and Luther on human liberty

  • Knut Alfsvåg


Neue Zeitschrift Für Systematische Theologie und Religionsphilosophie
ISSN 0028-3517
e-ISSN 1612-9520
NVI-nivå 2

Om resultatet

Vitenskapelig artikkel
Publiseringsår: 2012
Volum: 54
Hefte: 1
Sider: 66 - 80


Isi-ID: 000303142700004





Fri vilje • Menneskesyn • Martin Luther • Nicholas Cusanus

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Cusanus and Luther on human liberty


According to late medieval Scholasticism, humans are saved by grace, but only if God finds that they have adequately prepared themselves, while divine difference on this presupposition manifests itself as absolute omnipotence. Both Cusanus and Luther challenge this approach through an emphasis on God as the foundation and origin of human existence. From this point of view, humans realize their humanity to the extent that they explore their fellowship with God. A deepening of this fellowship thus issues in a realization of the possibility of human liberty, whereas on the via moderna assumption, closeness to God threatens human liberty. Cusanus and Luther also share an emphasis of the Trinitarian relationships as a model of humans’ relationship with God. They differ, however, through Luther’s stronger emphasis on this relationship being established through the power of the word of God, and on his similar emphasis on God as the one who always gives in infinite love, thereby setting a pattern even for humans serving each other. The article argues, though, that as far as the relation between Luther and Cusanus is concerned, this is a difference of emphasis, not of structure.


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Knut Alfsvåg

  • Tilknyttet:
    ved Senter for misjon og globale studier ved VID vitenskapelige høgskole
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