Cristin-resultat-ID: 936062
Sist endret: 25. oktober 2016 14:33
NVI-rapporteringsår: 2013
Resultat
Vitenskapelig artikkel
2013

Studying psychoactive substance use in injured patients: Does exclusion of late arriving patients bias the results?

Bidragsytere:
  • Stig Tore Bogstrand
  • Ingeborg Rossow
  • Per Trygve Normann og
  • Øivind Ekeberg

Tidsskrift

Drug and Alcohol Dependence
ISSN 0376-8716
e-ISSN 1879-0046
NVI-nivå 1

Om resultatet

Vitenskapelig artikkel
Publiseringsår: 2013
Publisert online: 2012
Trykket: 2013
Volum: 127
Hefte: 1-3
Sider: 187 - 192

Importkilder

Isi-ID: 000314200100027

Klassifisering

Vitenskapsdisipliner

Rettsmedisin, rettsodontologi

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

Studying psychoactive substance use in injured patients: Does exclusion of late arriving patients bias the results?

Sammendrag

Most studies of the prevalence of psychoactive substances in injured emergency department patients have excluded those who arrive more than 6 h after injury. This may cause a selection bias. The aim of this study was: (1) to describe the characteristics of patients who arrive more than 6 h after injury, compared to patients who arrive sooner (2) to examine whether self-report can add to the assessment of alcohol use when the patient is assessed more than 6 h after injury. Blood sample analysis and self-report data were used to assess the prevalence of psychoactive substances in injured patients admitted to an emergency department within 48 h of injury (n = 1611). Discriminant function analysis was used to assess group differences. The patients who arrived more than 6 h after injury differed significantly from those who arrived earlier in several respects. They more often screened positive for hypnotics; they were older, they were more likely to have had a fall and they were more often injured at home and at night. Self reported use of alcohol showed good consistency with blood sample screening within 6 h of injury and could therefore be used to assess alcohol use more than 6 h after injury. Patients who arrive more than 6 h after injury differ significantly from those who arrive earlier. Future studies on the prevalence of psychoactive substances in emergency departments could expand the inclusion window.

Bidragsytere

Stig Tore Bogstrand

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Avdeling for FoU, Akuttklinikken ved Oslo universitetssykehus HF
  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Akuttmottaket ved Oslo universitetssykehus HF
Aktiv cristin-person

Ingeborg Margrete Rossow

Bidragsyterens navn vises på dette resultatet som Ingeborg Rossow
  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Nasjonalt senter for selvmordsforskning og -forebygging ved Universitetet i Oslo
  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Avdeling for rusmidler og tobakk ved Folkehelseinstituttet

Per Trygve Normann

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Folkehelseinstituttet

Øivind Ekeberg

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Akuttmedisinsk avdeling ved Oslo universitetssykehus HF
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