Cristin-resultat-ID: 942464
Sist endret: 28. oktober 2016 16:37
NVI-rapporteringsår: 2012
Resultat
Vitenskapelig artikkel
2012

Alcohol, psychoactive substances and non-fatal road traffic accidents - a case-control study

Bidragsytere:
  • Stig Tore Bogstrand
  • Hallvard Gjerde
  • Per Trygve Normann
  • Ingeborg Rossow og
  • Øivind Ekeberg

Tidsskrift

BMC Public Health
ISSN 1471-2458
e-ISSN 1471-2458
NVI-nivå 1

Om resultatet

Vitenskapelig artikkel
Publiseringsår: 2012
Volum: 12
Artikkelnummer: 734
Open Access

Importkilder

Isi-ID: 000311097000001

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

Alcohol, psychoactive substances and non-fatal road traffic accidents - a case-control study

Sammendrag

Background The prevalence of alcohol and other psychoactive substances is high in biological specimens from injured drivers, while the prevalence of these psychoactive substances in samples from drivers in normal traffic is low. The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of alcohol and psychoactive substances in drivers admitted to hospital for treatment of injuries after road traffic accidents with that in drivers in normal traffic, and calculate risk estimates for the substances, and combinations of substances found in both groups. Methods Injured drivers were recruited in the hospital emergency department and drivers in normal conditions were taken from the hospital catchment area in roadside tests of moving traffic. Substances found in blood samples from injured drivers and oral fluid samples from drivers in moving traffic were compared using equivalent cut off concentrations, and risk estimates were calculated using logistic regression analyses. Results In 21.9% of the injured drivers, substances were found: most commonly alcohol (11.5%) and stimulants eg. cocaine or amphetamines (9.4%). This compares to 3.2% of drivers in normal traffic where the most commonly found substances were z-hypnotics (0.9%) and benzodiazepines (0.8%). The greatest increase in risk of being injured was for alcohol combined with any other substance (OR: 231.9, 95% CI: 33.3- 1615.4, p 

Bidragsytere

Stig Tore Bogstrand

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Avdeling for FoU, Akuttklinikken ved Oslo universitetssykehus HF
  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Akuttmottaket ved Oslo universitetssykehus HF

Hallvard Gjerde

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Rusmiddeltoksikologisk forskning ved Folkehelseinstituttet

Per Trygve Normann

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Folkehelseinstituttet
Aktiv cristin-person

Ingeborg Margrete Rossow

Bidragsyterens navn vises på dette resultatet som Ingeborg Rossow
  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Nasjonalt senter for selvmordsforskning og -forebygging ved Universitetet i Oslo
  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Avdeling for rusmidler og tobakk ved Folkehelseinstituttet

Øivind Ekeberg

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Akuttmedisinsk avdeling ved Oslo universitetssykehus HF
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