Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 2507399
Sist endret: 17. november 2021, 17:33

Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 2507399
Sist endret: 17. november 2021, 17:33
Prosjekt

SFI Dsolve: Centre for Research-based Innovation – Biodegradable plastics for marine applications

prosjektleder

Roger B. Larsen
ved Norges fiskerihøgskole ved UiT Norges arktiske universitet

prosjekteier / koordinerende forskningsansvarlig enhet

  • Fakultet for biovitenskap, fiskeri og økonomi ved UiT Norges arktiske universitet

Finansiering

  • TotalbudsjettNOK 96.000.000
  • Norges forskningsråd
    Prosjektkode: 310008

Klassifisering

Vitenskapsdisipliner

Samfunnsvitenskap • Marinbiologi • Plast- og komposittmaterialer • Fiskerifag • Naturressursforvaltning

Emneord

Formidling • Bioøkonomi • Fiskeriteknologi • Kjemi • Sirkulær økonomi

Kategorier

Prosjektkategori

  • Oppdragsprosjekt

Kontaktinformasjon

Tidsramme

Aktivt
Start: 15. november 2020 Slutt: 31. desember 2028

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

SFI Dsolve: Centre for Research-based Innovation – Biodegradable plastics for marine applications

Populærvitenskapelig sammendrag

Marine litter from non-degradable plastics ends up as macro- and micro-plastic while lost and abandoned fishing gears can cause "ghost fishing", resulting in unaccounted for mortality. The main working hypothesis is that the problems associated with marine plastic litter caused by the fishing and aquaculture sectors can be significantly reduced if traditional plastics in these sectors are replaced with new biodegradable materials. The goal of this centre is to develop technologies and new products, to improve the governance framework and to foster innovations that enable the plastic value chains to become more circular and resource efficient. This will reduce the carbon and greenhouse gas footprints so that they are more in line with the UN climate, energy, and sustainable development goals (UN SDG 12, 14).

 

The actions necessary to meet the objectives of the centre are: i) Create biodegradable materials for fishing gears (twines, ropes, nets, etc.) that have equal or improved mechanical properties and capture efficiencies for fishing compared to non-degradable plastics currently used by the fishing and aquaculture industries; ii) Design biodegradable plastic materials with a smarter degradation profile, meaning that they should have stable mechanical properties during service time followed by rapid degradation; iii) Make biodegradable plastics commercially available and economically accessible for the end-users; iv) Outline governance incentives promoting the use of biodegradable gears; and v) Help establish a supply industry that can deliver gears and services to the end-user sectors.

 

This centre is designed to address the challenges described above, to build research-based solutions and to help the industry develop sustainable innovations for the global market.

The centre has 14 industrial partners from the fisheries and aquaculture industries and equipment suppliers as well as from five national research institutions. They are UiT – The Arctic University of Norway, SINTEF Ocean, Norner research, SINTEF Industry and Norsus.

 

The centre is based on six themes. We will develop new types of plastics (i.e. polymers in fibres for twines, nets, ropes, etc.). We will also test the strength, durability and degradation time of these new materials. Extensive field experiments will then be carried out on various fishing vessels and aquaculture facilities to verify the efficiency and durability of the new materials. Studies on the motivation and incentives that the fishing industry has for being able to use new materials will be carried out. We will also complete lifecycle analyses of the materials used by the fishing industry. Dissemination of the results from this development work will make it easier for suppliers and the fishing industry to use biodegradable materials.

 

The expected impact of this centre is to reduce plastic pollution in the marine environment, thereby reducing the effects of macro-/microplastics as well as ghost fishing caused by the fishing and aquaculture industries. The centre will lead to the development of profitable and socially accepted circular business models to enhance market uptake and large-scale utilization of biodegradable plastics to replace materials derived from fossil fuels (oil). Moreover, the centre will optimise and/or validate waste sorting technologies and circular waste processing options (reuse, mechanical, chemical and organic recycling) for biodegradable materials.

 

 

Vitenskapelig sammendrag

Dsolve:

The vision of the centre is to reduce plastic litter and the associated problems (macro-/microplastics and ghost fishing) caused by the fishery and aquaculture industries. Our ambition is to place Norway at the forefront of research, development and the use of smart biodegradable materials to reduce the global problem of marine litter from fisheries and aquaculture.

Metode

Scientific studies in labs and research vessels and full scale testing

Utstyr

Research labs, data-bases, fishing vessels, aquaculture facilities, research vessels, production and manufacturing industries

prosjektdeltakere

prosjektleder
Aktiv cristin-person

Roger B. Larsen

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektleder
    ved Norges fiskerihøgskole ved UiT Norges arktiske universitet
  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Fakultet for biovitenskap, fiskeri og økonomi ved UiT Norges arktiske universitet

Hanne Risan Johnsen

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Fakultet for biovitenskap, fiskeri og økonomi ved UiT Norges arktiske universitet

Eduardo Enrique Grimaldo Vela

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved SINTEF Ocean

Ravindra Reddy Chowreddy

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Norner Innovation AS

Christian Karl

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved SINTEF Industri ved SINTEF AS
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Resultater Resultater

Bør fiske med bunntrål og snurrevad omstilles?

Larsen, Roger B.. 2021, UITIntervju

Utdanningen må opp fra skolebenken og ut på havet.

Larsen, Roger B.. 2021, UITIntervju

Alternativer til slitematter i trål.

Larsen, Roger B.. 2021, Alternative materialer til slitematter i trål. UITFaglig foredrag
1 - 5 av 7 | Neste | Siste »