Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 521546
Sist endret: 7. oktober 2016 14:35

Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 521546
Sist endret: 7. oktober 2016 14:35
Prosjekt

Exploring the Potential and Side Effects of Climate Engineering (EXPECT)

prosjektleder

Helene Muri
ved Meteorologi og oseanografi ved Universitetet i Oslo

prosjekteier / koordinerende forskningsansvarlig enhet

  • Meteorologi og oseanografi ved Universitetet i Oslo

Finansiering

  • TotalbudsjettNOK 7.000.000
  • Norges forskningsråd
    Prosjektkode: 229760

Klassifisering

Vitenskapsdisipliner

Oseanografi • Meteorologi • Geofag

Emneord

Klima • Geoengineering • Klimamodeller • Klimaendringer • Global karbon syklus

Kategorier

Prosjektkategori

  • Grunnforskning

Tidsramme

Avsluttet
Start: 1. januar 2014 Slutt: 30. april 2017

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

Exploring the Potential and Side Effects of Climate Engineering (EXPECT)

Populærvitenskapelig sammendrag

Facing the steadily increasing risk of the human society failing to meet the 2-degree target, scientists have recently started exploring the possibility of manipulating the climate by deliberate measures that go beyond mitigation. In particular, Climate E ngineering (CE), or geoengineering, has been proposed as a possible future option in the event of a climate emergency. In order to meet the main objective, the project will carry out dedicated simulations using the Norwegian Earth System Model, exploring and comparing aspects of three different climate engineering techniques, followed by a careful statistical analysis of the results. An important aspect in clarifying the potential future role of climate engineering is our ability to separate the effect of climate engineering (signal) from natural (and man-made) climate variability (noise). This will be addressed in the project. Also, special attention will be given to the response of biogeochemical interactions, both on land and in the ocean. The purpose of this project is not only to learn more about aspects of climate engineering per se, but also to gain new insight into interactions between forcings, internal variability and response in the climate system. A large emphasis will be put on open publicati on of all results as well as outreach.

The project addresses several topics highlighted in the call, such as internal vs. external influences on climate variability, biogeochemical cycles, and the relationship between human influence and natural variabil ity. The project applies innovative research ideas to a new research topic in Norway, and builds a new team of scientists with pre-existing expertise and a strong international network in an emerging field of climate research.

Vitenskapelig sammendrag

Facing the steadily increasing risk of the human society failing to meet the 2-degree target, scientists have recently started exploring the possibility of manipulating the climate by deliberate measures that go beyond mitigation. In particular, Climate E ngineering (CE), or geoengineering, has been proposed as a possible future option in the event of a climate emergency. In order to meet the main objective, the project will carry out dedicated simulations using the Norwegian Earth System Model, exploring and comparing aspects of three different climate engineering techniques, followed by a careful statistical analysis of the results. An important aspect in clarifying the potential future role of climate engineering is our ability to separate the effect of climate engineering (signal) from natural (and man-made) climate variability (noise). This will be addressed in the project. Also, special attention will be given to the response of biogeochemical interactions, both on land and in the ocean. The purpose of this project is not only to learn more about aspects of climate engineering per se, but also to gain new insight into interactions between forcings, internal variability and response in the climate system. A large emphasis will be put on open publicati on of all results as well as outreach.

The project addresses several topics highlighted in the call, such as internal vs. external influences on climate variability, biogeochemical cycles, and the relationship between human influence and natural variabil ity. The project applies innovative research ideas to a new research topic in Norway, and builds a new team of scientists with pre-existing expertise and a strong international network in an emerging field of climate research.

Metode

NorESM1-ME

Utstyr

NOTUR Hexagon

prosjektdeltakere

prosjektleder

Helene Muri

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektleder
    ved Meteorologi og oseanografi ved Universitetet i Oslo

Muralidhar Adakudlu

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved NORCE Klima ved NORCE Norwegian Research Centre AS

Siv Kari Lauvset

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Geofysisk institutt ved Universitetet i Bergen

Jerry Tjiputra

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved NORCE Klima ved NORCE Norwegian Research Centre AS

Odd Helge Otterå

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved NORCE Klima ved NORCE Norwegian Research Centre AS
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Resultater Resultater

Geoengineering and the ocean carbon cycle: a closer look at net primary production.

Lauvset, Siv Kari; Tjiputra, Jerry. 2016, EGU General Assembly 2016. NORCEPoster

GeoMIP 2016 - an update.

Muri, Helene. 2016, CDR-MIP workshop. UIOVitenskapelig foredrag

Værrekorder og klimaendringer.

Muri, Helene. 2016, UIOIntervju

Future scenarios à la "The Napkin Diagram".

Muri, Helene. 2016, Solar Geoengineering. UIOVitenskapelig foredrag

An overview of the Earth system science of solar geoengineering.

Irvine, Peter J.; Kravitz, Ben; Lawrence, Mark G.; Muri, Helene. 2016, Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Climate Change (WIRESs). PNNL, UIO, IASS, HUVitenskapelig oversiktsartikkel/review
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