Cristin-resultat-ID: 1950532
Sist endret: 2. november 2021, 11:24
NVI-rapporteringsår: 2021
Resultat
Vitenskapelig artikkel
2021

Liquid hydrogen as prospective energy carrier: A brief review and discussion of underlying assumptions applied in value chain analysis

Bidragsytere:
  • David Olsson Berstad
  • Stefania Osk Gardarsdottir
  • Simon Roussanaly
  • Mari Voldsund
  • Yuki Ishimoto og
  • Petter Nekså

Tidsskrift

Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews
ISSN 1364-0321
e-ISSN 1879-0690
NVI-nivå 1

Om resultatet

Vitenskapelig artikkel
Publiseringsår: 2021
Publisert online: 2021
Trykket: 2022
Volum: 154
Artikkelnummer: 111772
Open Access

Importkilder

Scopus-ID: 2-s2.0-85118488943

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

Liquid hydrogen as prospective energy carrier: A brief review and discussion of underlying assumptions applied in value chain analysis

Sammendrag

In the literature, different energy carriers are proposed in future long-distance hydrogen value chains. Hydrogen can be stored and transported in different forms, e.g. as compressed dense-phase hydrogen, liquefied hydrogen and in chemically bound forms as different chemical hydrides. Recently, different high-level value chain studies have made extrapolative investigations and compared such options with respect to energy efficiency and cost. Three recent journal papers overlap as the liquid hydrogen option has been considered in all three studies. The studies are not fully aligned in terms of underlying assumptions and battery limits. A comparison reveals partly vast differences in results for chain energy efficiency for long-distance liquid hydrogen transport, which are attributable to distinct differences in the set of assumptions. Our comparison pinpoints the boiloff ratio, i.e. evaporation losses due to heat ingress, in liquid hydrogen storage tanks as the main cause of the differences, and this assumption is further discussed. A review of spherical tank size and attributed boiloff ratios is presented, for existing tanks of different vintage as well as for recently proposed designs. Furthermore, the prospect for further extension of tanks size and reduction of boiloff ratio is discussed, with a complementary discussion about the use of economic assumptions in extrapolative and predictive studies. Finally, we discuss the impact of battery limits in hydrogen value chain studies and pinpoint knowledge needs and the need for a detailed bottom-up approach as a prerequisite for improving the understanding for pros and cons of the different hydrogen energy carriers.

Bidragsytere

David Olsson Berstad

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Gassteknologi ved SINTEF Energi AS

Stefania Osk Gardarsdottir

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Gassteknologi ved SINTEF Energi AS

Simon Roussanaly

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Gassteknologi ved SINTEF Energi AS

Mari Voldsund

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Gassteknologi ved SINTEF Energi AS

Yuki Ishimoto

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Japan
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