Cristin-resultat-ID: 2047311
Sist endret: 27. oktober 2022, 15:02
NVI-rapporteringsår: 2022
Resultat
Vitenskapelig artikkel
2022

EMISSA (Exploring Millimeter Indicators of Solar-Stellar Activity) II. Towards a robust indicator of stellar activity

Bidragsytere:
  • Atul Mohan
  • Sven Wedemeyer
  • Peter, H. Hauschildt
  • Sneha Pandit og
  • Maryam Saberi

Tidsskrift

Astronomy and Astrophysics (A & A)
ISSN 0004-6361
e-ISSN 1432-0746
NVI-nivå 2

Om resultatet

Vitenskapelig artikkel
Publiseringsår: 2022
Publisert online: 2022
Trykket: 2022
Volum: 664
Artikkelnummer: L9
Open Access

Klassifisering

Vitenskapsdisipliner

Astrofysikk, astronomi

Emneord

Stjerneaktivitet • Stjerneatmosfærer

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

EMISSA (Exploring Millimeter Indicators of Solar-Stellar Activity) II. Towards a robust indicator of stellar activity

Sammendrag

Context: An activity indicator, which can provide a robust quantitative mapping between the stellar activity and the physical properties of its atmosphere, is important in exploring the evolution of the observed active phenomena across main-sequence stars of different spectral types. Common activity indicators do provide qualitative correlations with physical properties such as Teff and the rotation period, among others. However, due to the large variability in their values, even for a single star, defining robust quantitative mappings between activity and physical properties is difficult. Millimetre (mm) wavelengths probe the different atmospheric layers within the stellar chromosphere, providing a tomographic view of the atmospheric dynamics. Aims: The project aims to define a robust activity indicator by characterising mm brightness temperature spectra (TB(ν)) of the cool main-sequence stars (Teff ∼ 5000 – 7000 K) compiled by paper I in this series. The sample contains 13 stars, including the Sun. Methods: We derived the mm TB(ν) spectral indices (αmm) for cool stars, including the Sun, based on observations in the 30 – 1000 GHz range. The derived values for αmm are explored as a function of various physical parameters and empirical power-law functions were derived. We also compared αmm estimates with other activity indicators. Results: Despite the estimation errors, αmm values could distinguish the cool stars well, unlike common activity indicators. The low estimation errors on the derived trends of αmm versus physical parameters suggest that αmm could be a robust activity indicator. Conclusions: We note that αmm, which is linked to chromospheric thermal stratification and activity in cool stars, can well distinguish and physically characterise the stars more robustly than common activity indicators. We emphasise the need for multi-frequency data across the mm band for stars, with a range of physical parameters and gathered at multiple epochs during their activity cycles. This will help to explore αmm in a statistically robust manner and to study the emergence of chromospheric heating on the main sequence

Bidragsytere

Atul Mohan

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Rosseland senter for solfysikk ved Universitetet i Oslo
Aktiv cristin-person

Sven Wedemeyer

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Rosseland senter for solfysikk ved Universitetet i Oslo

Peter, H. Hauschildt

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Universität Hamburg

Sneha Pandit

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Rosseland senter for solfysikk ved Universitetet i Oslo

Maryam Saberi

  • Tilknyttet:
    Forfatter
    ved Rosseland senter for solfysikk ved Universitetet i Oslo
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