Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 446702
Sist endret: 29. oktober 2018 14:43
Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 446702
Sist endret: 29. oktober 2018 14:43
Prosjekt

Norwegian barcode of life network (NorBOL)

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  • Engelsk

Tittel

Norwegian barcode of life network (NorBOL)

Vitenskapelig sammendrag

Our world is facing a biodiversity crisis. Species are threatened with mass extinction, while probably more than 80% of all species on Earth are unknown to science. Hence, there is an urgent need to find new ways to accelerate the processes of describing, identifying and protecting species. DNA barcoding is a powerful new tool that promises to speed up the identification of known species and the discovery of new ones. The method is based on a simple premise, that each species can be identified by a short standardized gene region, a DNA barcode. A DNA barcode library of species will have enormous scientific and practical applications for all human activities that require species identifications (e.g. food safety, pathogens) and be central for sustainable development in our society. The major challenge at this stage is to build the barcode library. The International Barcode of Life (iBOL) project was launched in September 2010, with the goal of assembling 5 million barcodes representing 500 000 species by the end of 2015. NTNU University Museum is leading the Norwegian barcoding initiative (NorBOL), a network of 16 biodiversity institutions in Norway aiming to build a distributed national infrastructure for DNA barcoding with the goal to barcode 100 000 specimens of 20 000 species from Norway and the Arctic region within five years. All species will be represented by voucher specimens in natural history museum collections and identified by taxonomic experts. Data will be made freely available in the international DNA barcode database (BOLD) and linked to other web-resources for species information (GBIF, Encyclopedia of Life, GenBank, etc). Through the involvement in this large-scale international research enterprise, Norway will contribute significantly to the global effort of  characterizing the world's biodiversity and provide new innovative tools for its discovery, management and conservation.

prosjektdeltakere

Resultater

What's in the box? Authentication of Echinacea herbal products using DNA metabarcoding and HPTLC.

Raclariu, Ancuta Cristina; Tebrencu, Carmen Elena; Ichim, Mihael Cristin; Ciuperca, Oana Teodora; Brysting, Anne Krag; de Boer, Hugo. 2018, Phytomedicine. UIO, ROMANIAVitenskapelig artikkel

Fossilt DNA skal gi klimasvar.

Alsos, Inger Greve; Hansen, Hege Iren. 2018, UITIntervju

Choice of DNA extraction method affects DNA metabarcoding of unsorted invertebrate bulk samples.

Majaneva, Markus; Diserud, Ola Håvard; Eagle, Shannon; Hajibabaei, Mehrdad; Ekrem, Torbjørn. 2018, Metabarcoding and Metagenomics. NTNU, NINA, UOGVitenskapelig artikkel

Varför ska naturen ha streckkoder?

Froster, Anna; Ekrem, Torbjørn; Strand, Malin. 2018, NTNU, SLUIntervju

Six new species of Afrotropical Allodia (Diptera: Mycetophilidae): DNA barcodes indicate recent diversification with a single origin.

Magnussen, Trude; Kjærandsen, Jostein; Johnsen, Arild; Søli, Geir Einar Ellefsen. 2018, Zootaxa. UIT, UIOVitenskapelig artikkel