Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 620523
Sist endret: 4. april 2019 11:06
Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 620523
Sist endret: 4. april 2019 11:06
Prosjekt

Centre for Early Sapiens Behaviour (SapienCE)

prosjektleder

Christopher Henshilwood
ved Institutt for arkeologi, historie, kultur- og religionsvitskap ved Universitetet i Bergen

prosjekteier / koordinerende forskningsansvarlig enhet

  • Det humanistiske fakultet ved Universitetet i Bergen

Finansiering

  • TotalbudsjettNOK 241.000.000
  • Norges forskningsråd

    • Prosjektkode: 262618

Klassifisering

Vitenskapsdisipliner

Meteorologi • Kognitiv psykologi • Kvartærgeologi, glasiologi • Andre psykologiske fag • Naturgeografi • Marin geologi • Arkeologi • Sosialantropologi

Emneord

Klassisk arkeologi • Klimadynamikk • Arkeologisk teori og metode • Menneskelig utvikling • Arkeologi og formidling • Climate change • Eksperimental arkeologi • Klima • Klimaendring • Steinalder • Arkeologisk geofysikk • Arkeologisk utgravning • FMRI • Atferd mennesker • Evolusjonspsykologi

Kategorier

Prosjektkategori

  • Bidragsprosjekt

Kontaktinformasjon

Telefon
55582312
Sted
Centre for Early Sapiens Behaviour

Tidsramme

Aktivt
Start: 1. oktober 2017 Slutt: 30. september 2027

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

Centre for Early Sapiens Behaviour (SapienCE)

Vitenskapelig sammendrag

Homo sapiens was anatomically modern by 200 ka (thousand years ago) in Africa, but there is no evidence indicating that behaviour was modern at the time. Current archaeological evidence, although limited, highlights 100-50 ka as being a watershed for human cognitive, technological and social development in Africa. Significantly more research is needed to understand where, when and why early humans started to think and behave like we do today.

South Africa, in particular the southern Cape, is exceptionally well placed for answering these big-picture questions because the archaeological record of this region preserves the pathway to the early behavioural origins of H. sapiens. Revolutionary discoveries currently being made here are forcing a reappraisal of the process that has led to our modern human condition but first we must critically assess the criteria to identify modern behaviour, and find a means to recognize such behaviour in the archaeological record. This seemingly simple research statement involves complex exploration by a team of specialists.

Foremost, we will focus on excavating well preserved archaeological sites in the southern Cape, occupied in the critical 100-50 ka period. SapienCE has exclusive access to these sites that contain the keys for unlocking the past. In tandem we will introduce ground-breaking and innovative interdisciplinary approaches to extracting, analysing and understanding the processes that shaped the behaviour and cognition of early H. sapiens. In this highly competitive research field our team will combine the skills of cutting-edge scientists at UiB in archaeology, chronology, micromorphology, climate reconstruction and modelling, and the cognitive and social sciences that will contribute to an unprecedented understanding of early human behaviour.

Over the next decade SapienCE will consolidate UiB and Norway's position as a world leader in early human origins research.

Metode

Feltarbeid, Arkeologiske utgravninger, laboratorietesting, laboratorieanalyser

Utstyr

Diverse laboratorium i Norge, Tyskland, Frankrike og i felt. 

prosjektdeltakere

prosjektleder

Christopher Henshilwood

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektleder
    ved Institutt for arkeologi, historie, kultur- og religionsvitskap ved Universitetet i Bergen
Aktiv cristin-person

Silje Evjenth Bentsen

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Institutt for arkeologi, historie, kultur- og religionsvitskap ved Universitetet i Bergen

Eystein Jansen

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Institutt for geovitenskap ved Universitetet i Bergen
Aktiv cristin-person

Karen Loise Van Niekerk

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Institutt for arkeologi, historie, kultur- og religionsvitskap ved Universitetet i Bergen

Carin Andersson Dahl

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Uni Research Klima ved NORCE Norwegian Research Centre AS
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Resultater Resultater

Red alert? The colors of heat-affected quartzite from the Eastern Cape, South Africa.

Bentsen, Silje Evjenth; Wurz, Sarah Jacoba Deborah. 2018, ACE2018 - The 1st African Conference on Experimental Archaeology. UIBVitenskapelig foredrag

Le premier désordre du monde documenté par l’archéologie.

d'Errico, Francesco. 2018, CNRS Editions. UIBFaglig kapittel

The MIS5 pietersburg at 28' bushman rock Shelter, Limpopo Province, South Africa.

Porraz, Guillaume; Val, Aurore; Tribolo, Chantal; Mercier, Norbert; de la Peña, Paloma; Haaland, Magnus Mathisen; Igreja, Marina; Miller, Christopher; Schmid, Viola C.. 2018, PLoS ONE. UdP, CNRS, UMdM(I, UPXN, ET, UOTWJ, UIBVitenskapelig artikkel

Phytoliths in modern plants and soils from Klasies River, Cape Region (South Africa).

Novello, Alice; Bamford, Marion K.; Van Wijk, Yvette; Wurz, Sarah Jacoba Deborah. 2018, Quaternary International. RU, UOTWJ, UIBVitenskapelig artikkel

The origin of symbolic thinking in the Palaeolithic.

d'Errico, Francesco. 2018, ShanghaiTech Summer School. UIBVitenskapelig foredrag
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