Cristin-resultat-ID: 1864365
Sist endret: 18. januar 2021, 12:29
NVI-rapporteringsår: 2020
Vitenskapelig artikkel

Language orientations in early childhood education policy in Finland and Norway

  • Gunhild Tomter Alstad og
  • Pauliina Sopanen


Nordic Journal of Studies in Educational Policy
ISSN 2002-0317
e-ISSN 2002-0317
NVI-nivå 1

Om resultatet

Vitenskapelig artikkel
Publiseringsår: 2020
Publisert online: 2020
Sider: 1 - 14
Open Access


Scopus-ID: 2-s2.0-85097924980

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse


Language orientations in early childhood education policy in Finland and Norway


This article investigates the language orientations in education policy documents for early childhood education and care (ECEC) in Finland and Norway. Finland, an officially bilingual country, and Norway, a predominantly monolingual country, share similar views on ECEC. However, the ECEC field in both countries has undergone major changes in recent years: more children are attending ECEC, and the increasing number of children with diverse backgrounds and minority languages. The document analysis includes seven policy documents related to ECEC in Finland and Norway. The analytical approach is based on Ruíz’ framework for language orientations, i.e. language as resource, language as right and language as problem. The analysis shows that the language orientation in ECEC policy is rather vague and open. On the one hand, multilingualism is seen as a resource. On the other hand, multilingualism is considered as challenging in terms of language diversity, facilitating multilingual and first language development. In both countries, there seems to be a a monolingual ideology underlying the policy. We discuss these findings in light of policy implementations and finally underline the importance of critical multilingual awareness in early childhood teacher education.


Aktiv cristin-person

Gunhild Tomter Alstad

  • Tilknyttet:
    ved Institutt for humanistiske fag ved Høgskolen i Innlandet

Pauliina Sopanen

  • Tilknyttet:
    ved Jyväskylän yliopisto
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