Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 468876
Sist endret: 30. september 2018 12:40
Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 468876
Sist endret: 30. september 2018 12:40
Prosjekt

The role of seeds in a climate –linking germination ecophysiology to population and community ecology (Seedclim)

prosjektleder

Vigdis Vandvik
ved Institutt for biovitenskap ved Universitetet i Bergen

prosjekteier / koordinerende forskningsansvarlig enhet

  • Institutt for biovitenskap ved Universitetet i Bergen

Finansiering

  • TotalbudsjettNOK 8.435.000
  • Norges forskningsråd

    • Prosjektkode: 184912

Klassifisering

Vitenskapsdisipliner

Økologi

Emneord

Climate change

Kategorier

Prosjektkategori

  • Bidragsprosjekt

Tidsramme

Avsluttet
Start: 1. januar 2009 Slutt: 31. desember 2014

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

The role of seeds in a climate –linking germination ecophysiology to population and community ecology (Seedclim)

Vitenskapelig sammendrag

The general objective of SeedClim is to provide a mechanistic understanding of how ongoing and future climate change affects plants at landscape to regional scales. To achieve this we have developed a new methodological framework allowing us to explore how climate-change effects vary along two major climate gradients--temperature and precipitation--and how these effects scale across levels of organisation from individuals via populations to communities.

The western Norwegian fjord landscapes allow us to set up a grid of study sites along independent temperature and precipitation gradients, enabling us to study the unique and combined effects of a warmer and a wetter climate.

Our 12 experimental sites are located in a climate grid where four levels of annual precipitation (600, 1200, 2000 and 2700 mm) are combined with three levels of mean summer temperatures (7.5, 9.5, and 11.5°C) while keeping all other variables as constant as possible. In collaboration with met.no we installed climate stations that record temperature, precipitation, and soil moisture at each site since 2009.

Within the climatic grid, we have transplanted turfs (25 x 25 cm) of intact plant communities from cold and/or dry conditions towards warmer and/or wetter conditions matching the regional climate projections for the future. In these turfs we monitor plant community and population responses, along with one-off measurements of a range of responses, including microbial communities, bryophytes, and seedling recruitment. 

We have also transplanted seeds of three species pairs of alpine specialists and lowland generalists in the same manner (Veronica alpina vs.  V. officinalis, Viola biflora vs.  V. palustris, Carex capillaris vs.  C. pallescens) to assess climate impacts on plant resgeneration

Additional experiments

In addition to our main approach, the transplant experiments, we also have other experiments and studies running in the SEEDCLIM GRID:

  • A graminoid removal expeiment to assess the impacts of changing competitive interactions on plant community and population-level responses along the climate gradients
  • A gap experiment to assess impacts on gap regeneration
  • A seedrain and seedbank study
  • A seedsowing experiment to assess tree seedling recrutment (collaboration with M. Ohlson, NMBU)

prosjektdeltakere

prosjektleder

Vigdis Vandvik

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektleder
    ved Institutt for biovitenskap ved Universitetet i Bergen

Lise Øvreås

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Institutt for biovitenskap ved Universitetet i Bergen

Pascale Michel

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Universitetet i Bergen
  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Institutt for biovitenskap ved Universitetet i Bergen

Aud Helen Halbritter Rechsteiner

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Institutt for biovitenskap ved Universitetet i Bergen

Siri Lie Olsen

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Oslo ved Norsk institutt for naturforskning
  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Miljøvitenskap og naturforvaltning ved Norges miljø- og biovitenskapelige universitet
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Resultater Resultater

Biomass partitioning in grassland plants along independent gradients in temperature and precipitation.

Skarpaas, Olav; Meineri, Eric Pierre F; Bargmann, Tessa; Pøtsch, Christine; Töpper, Joachim Paul; Vandvik, Vigdis. 2016, Perspectives in plant ecology, evolution and systematics. SU, NINA, UIB, HVLVitenskapelig artikkel

Fjellplantene taper konkurransen i et varmere og våtere klima: kan beitedyr være redningen?

Klanderud, Kari; Skarpaas, Olav; Olsen, Siri Lie; Töpper, Joachim Paul; Vandvik, Vigdis. 2015, Biolog. NMBU, NINA, UIBPopulærvitenskapelig artikkel

The importance of Biotic vs. Abiotic drivers of local plant community composition along regional bioclimatic gradients.

Klanderud, Kari; Vandvik, Vigdis; Goldberg, Deborah. 2015, PLoS ONE. UoMA, NMBU, UIBVitenskapelig artikkel

Predicting and assessing climate-change impacts on the population dynamics of alpine and lowland forbs.

Töpper, Joachim Paul. 2015, UIB, HVLDoktorgradsavhandling

Temperature, precipitation and biotic interactions as determinants of tree seedling recruitment across the tree line ecotone.

Tingstad, Lise; Olsen, Siri Lie; Klanderud, Kari; Vandvik, Vigdis; Ohlson, Mikael. 2015, Oecologia. NIBIO, NMBU, NINA, UIBVitenskapelig artikkel
1 - 5 av 21 | Neste | Siste »