Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 533087
Sist endret: 13. september 2019 14:06
Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 533087
Sist endret: 13. september 2019 14:06
Prosjekt

HiddenCosts: Hidden costs of implementing afforestation as a climate mitigation strategy: A comprehensive assessment of direct and indirect impacts

prosjektleder

Hanna Lee
ved Uni Research Klima ved NORCE Norwegian Research Centre AS

prosjekteier / koordinerende forskningsansvarlig enhet

  • Uni Research Klima ved NORCE Norwegian Research Centre AS

Finansiering

  • Norges forskningsråd

    • Prosjektkode: 268243

Klassifisering

Vitenskapsdisipliner

Samfunnsvitenskap • Økologi

Emneord

Økosystemtilnærming • Økosystemtjenester • jordsystem

Kategorier

Prosjektkategori

  • Grunnforskning

Tidsramme

Aktivt
Start: 1. januar 2017 Slutt: 31. desember 2020

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

HiddenCosts: Hidden costs of implementing afforestation as a climate mitigation strategy: A comprehensive assessment of direct and indirect impacts

Populærvitenskapelig sammendrag

Until now, we have learned that planting trees could only provide benefits to our nature and society. More and more recent research results show that this depends on land management. The role of new forests in mitigating and managing climate change has been recognized since the early policy discussions from the carbon uptake by trees. In Norway, extensive planting of trees in open landscapes has been suggested for a while as an important policy measure and as a result this method is considered the 4th most viable method in the suggested climate mitigation plan. The effects and merits of afforestation have been highly debated both in the scientific community and in the public as the impact assessments have not yet moved beyond simple back-of-the-envelope calculation of carbon binding capacity by aboveground biomass. HiddenCosts is based on the realization that the current policy for afforestation as a climate mitigation strategy is based on incomplete knowledge and needs more rigorous evaluation in the full range of direct and indirect effects and costs vs. the realistic alternative landscape management scenarios. It is of vital importance that the full costs and benefits of afforestation vs. these realistic alternative management scenarios are rigorously assessed. Such an assessment is also time-sensitive due to the ongoing pilot projects. We will apply a multidisciplinary approach by 1) integrating Earth System and regional climate modeling, 2) in situ observations of biodiversity, ecosystem structure, and carbon storage, and 3) public valuation and ecosystem services analysis to gain more holistic understanding of the effects (both costs and benefits) of afforestation, continued management, and natural succession in the open lowland landscapes of Norway. We also plan to combine information gained from the project research topics to synthesize and communicate effectively with relevant stakeholders and the public to find a better way of land management.

Vitenskapelig sammendrag

The role of forests in mitigating and managing climate change has been recognized since the early policy discussions under the collective label of "Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use (AFOLU)". In Norway, extensive planting of trees in open landscapes has been suggested as an important policy measure (St. Meld. 21 2011-2012). Under the current Norwegian climate mitigation plan, afforestation of new areas is considered the 4th most viable method. The effects and merits of afforestation have been highly debated both in the scientific community and in the public. In parallel to afforestation, large areas of unused and abandoned semi-natural areas in Norway are now undergoing massive natural succession towards deciduous forest. The impact assessments, however, have not yet moved beyond simple back-of-the-envelope calculation of carbon binding capacity by aboveground biomass. HiddenCosts is based on the realization that the current policy for afforestation as a climate mitigation strategy is based on incomplete knowledge and needs more rigorous evaluation in the full range of direct and indirect effects and costs vs. the realistic alternative landscape management scenarios. It is of vital importance that the full costs and benefits of afforestation vs. these realistic alternative management scenarios are rigorously assessed. Such an assessment is also time-sensitive due to the ongoing pilot projects. We will apply a multidisciplinary approach by integrating Earth System and regional climate modeling (WP1), in situ observations of biodiversity, ecosystem structure, and carbon storage (WP2), and public valuation and ecosystem services analysis (WP3) to gain more holistic understanding of the effects (both costs and benefits) of afforestation, continued management, and natural succession in the open lowland landscapes of Norway. Information gained from WPs1-3 will then be synthesized (WP4) to communicate effectively with relevant stakeholders and the public.

prosjektdeltakere

prosjektleder

Hanna Lee

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektleder
    ved Uni Research Klima ved NORCE Norwegian Research Centre AS
Aktiv cristin-person

Kristine Grimsrud

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Statistisk sentralbyrå

Priscilla Mooney

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Uni Research Klima ved NORCE Norwegian Research Centre AS

Endre Tvinnereim

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Uni Rokkansenteret ved NORCE Norwegian Research Centre AS

Liv Guri Velle

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Møreforsking Molde AS ved Møreforsking
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Resultater Resultater

Soil carbon storage of coastal heathlands in Norway under different management practices.

Lee, Hanna; Velle, Liv Guri; Althuizen, Inge; Haugum, Siri Vatsø; Vandvik, Vigdis. 2019, 16th European Heathland Workshop. NORCE, MF, UIBFaglig foredrag

Jorda er vårt viktigste karbonlager.

Bjune, Anne E.; Lee, Hanna; Lange, Holger. 2018, Harvest : Mennesket & naturen. NIBIO, UIBKronikk

Convection Permitting Modelling in the HiddenCosts Afforestation Project: Progress and Plans.

Mooney, Priscilla. 2018, CORDEX Land Use Changes Across Scales (LUCAS) Meeting. NORCEFaglig foredrag

Regional Climate Modelling in the HiddenCosts Project: Synergistic Activities.

Mooney, Priscilla. 2018, Annaul EvoGlac workshop meeting. NORCEFaglig foredrag

Influence of Anthropogenic Land Cover Changes in Norway on regional precipitation.

Mooney, Priscilla. 2018, Nordic Hydrology Conference. NORCEFaglig foredrag
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