Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 455936
Sist endret: 10. desember 2016 17:43

Cristin-prosjekt-ID: 455936
Sist endret: 10. desember 2016 17:43
Prosjekt

Play Research in Mathematics Education (PRIME) The Mathematics of Kindergarten – Barnehagens matematikk

prosjektleder

Tamsin Jillian Meaney
ved Institutt for språk, litteratur, matematikk og tolking ved Høgskulen på Vestlandet

prosjekteier / koordinerende forskningsansvarlig enhet

  • Institutt for språk, litteratur, matematikk og tolking ved Høgskulen på Vestlandet

Klassifisering

Vitenskapsdisipliner

Andre pedagogiske fag • Fagdidaktikk

Emneord

Barnehagematematikk

Kategorier

Prosjektkategori

  • Grunnforskning

Tidsramme

Avsluttet
Start: 1. februar 2015 Slutt: 22. juni 2018

Beskrivelse Beskrivelse

Tittel

Play Research in Mathematics Education (PRIME) The Mathematics of Kindergarten – Barnehagens matematikk

Populærvitenskapelig sammendrag

This is a research study about how mathematics can be learnt and taught in kindergatens and the factors that affect this. Thus, rather than take school mathematics as the accepted outcome of learning and teaching of mathematics in kindergartens, this project takes a broader view of mathematics. It uses the ideas of a researcher, Alan Bishop, about six mathematical activities that are universal to all cultures as a way of conceptualising what mathematics in kindergartens might be. These activities are: Playing, Explaining, Locating, Designing, Measuring and Counting. This way of thinking about mathematics will allow us to explore what affects teachers and kindergartens providing learning opportunities in regard to these activities. We are particularly interested in finding out what happens when there are wider societal changes which can be anticipated as having an impact on these mathematical learning situations, such as the introduction of new technology or a change in the demographics of the children attending the preschool. By documenting what occurs in preschools, we anticipate developing a model of how mathematics learning and teaching are affect when societal changes occur and if this may have an impact on different groups of children's possibilities to learn mathematics relevant for their present and future lives. We anticipate that this model would contribute to predicting what might happen when new societal changes occur and thus support policy makers in ensuring that the changes are adopted that support the social justice aims of Norwegian society.

Vitenskapelig sammendrag

In this project, we consider what mathematics is and could be in kindergartens from a range of different perspectives in order to contribute to future discussions about potential changes to this field. Our tri-fold aim for the project is:

  1. describe what mathematics is currently in Norwegian kindergartens, including documenting the impact of innovations, such as the introduction of new technologies or social processes such as multiculturalism

  2. theorise how mathematical situations in kindergarten came to have that position by considering social, cultural and historical contributors to this positioning

  3. use the model to predict possible consequences from changes to be implemented so that more socially-just mathematical situations could be made available in Norwegian kindergartens, this is particularly important with the coming of a new Barnehagen Rammeplan next year.

In order to investigate this aim, we have decided to describe mathematical situations in kindergartens using Bishop’s (1988) six mathematical activities. The current Norwegian Rammeplan (curriculum) uses Bishop’s 6 mathematical activities as a basis for the mathematics that should be offered in kindergartens. In previous research, we have found that this way of describing mathematics has allowed for a more acute awareness of the assumptions underlying and premising discussions about the perceptions on this issue of different stakeholders, such as children, teachers, parents, curriculum developers. This is because Bishop’s six mathematical activities do not have the same sets of social, cultural, or historical baggage that school mathematics does.

Our focus of enquiry is to consider different perspectives on what mathematics in kindergarten is or could be. Therefore, we will consider issues such as the history of childhood, transitions between home and kindergarten, kindergarten and school and between situations/foci/content within kindergartens. We also want to investigate how teaching mathematics in kindergartens, with the widest possible meaning of the term teaching, affects teachers professional identity.

To do this, we want to investigate how children are positioned when engaging in mathematical situations by the curriculum, teachers, other children and themselves. We have a particular interest in how multiculturalism fits into this context, both within preschool but also how parents and the wider society’s views on aspects of multiculturalism impact on mathematics in kindergartens. This is because, like the recent introduction of information and communication technologies, the impact of multiculturalism on mathematics in kindergartens is a relatively new consideration and as such provides important information about the established norms around what has traditionally been considered to be mathematics in kindergartens.

Metode

To carry out this project, we will collect a range of different data. These will include:

  1. rich naturalistic video data from preschools

  2. already available resources such as curricula, historical documents, videos

  3. documentation from teachers, parents, children

  4. documentation from teachers, parents, children

Tittel

Barnehagens matematikk

prosjektdeltakere

prosjektleder
Aktiv cristin-person

Tamsin Jillian Meaney

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektleder
    ved Institutt for språk, litteratur, matematikk og tolking ved Høgskulen på Vestlandet

Inge Olav Hauge

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Institutt for språk, litteratur, matematikk og tolking ved Høgskulen på Vestlandet
Aktiv cristin-person

Johan Lie

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Institutt for språk, litteratur, matematikk og tolking ved Høgskulen på Vestlandet
Aktiv cristin-person

Elena Severina

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Institutt for språk, litteratur, matematikk og tolking ved Høgskulen på Vestlandet

Troels Lange

  • Tilknyttet:
    Prosjektdeltaker
    ved Institutt for språk, litteratur, matematikk og tolking ved Høgskulen på Vestlandet
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Resultater Resultater

The mythologising of preschool mathematics: what is it supposed to do?

Meaney, Tamsin Jillian. 2016, Mathematics Education and Contemporary Theory. HVLVitenskapelig foredrag

The production of “common sense” in the Media about more mathematics in early childhood education.

Lange, Troels; Meaney, Tamsin Jillian. 2016, 13th International Congress on Mathematical Education. HVLVitenskapelig foredrag

Teacher educators´ Views of young children’s mathematics: The impact of different roles.

Hauge, Inge Olav; Kacerja, Suela; Lange, Troels; Lie, Johan; Meaney, Tamsin Jillian; Severina, Elena. 2016, Mathematics Education Perspective on Early Mathematics Learning between the Poles of Instruction and Construction 3. HVL, UIBVitenskapelig foredrag

Preservice teachers responding and recognising to young children´s engagement with mathematics.

Lembrer, Dorota; Kacerja, Suela; Meaney, Tamsin Jillian. 2016, Mathematics Education Perspective on Early Mathematics Learning between the Poles of Instruction and Construction 3. HVLVitenskapelig foredrag

Matematikdidaktik i førskolan.

Helenius, Ola; Maria, Johansson; Lange, Troels; Meaney, Tamsin Jillian; Wernberg, Anna. 2016, Gleerups Utbildning AB. HVLLærebok
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